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Professor Robert J. Vallerand

Robert J. Vallerand is a Professor of Psychology at the Research Laboratory on Social Behavior,Department of Psychology, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, QC.

Most of Robert's research has focused on intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. In so doing, he has studied both the determinants and the consequences of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. This research has led him to propose a Hierarchical Model of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation (Vallerand, 1997, Advances in Experimental Social Psychology). The Model provides a conceptual framework for organizing and understanding the core mechanisms underlying intrinsic and extrinsic motivational processes as well as lead to novel hypotheses. For instance, it is now possible to study intrinsic and extrinsic motivation from a multidimensional and hierarchical perspective. Finally, the model also serves to bridge the personality and social psychology perspectives of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.

More recently, he has proposed a Dualistic Model of Passion for activities (Vallerand et al., 2003, JPSP). Research has shown that a large percentage of people have passion for a variety of activities. Such a passion can be either Harmonious or Obsessive. Research in a variety of life domains has shown that Harmonious typically leads to adaptive outcomes and Obsessive passion to less adaptive and even maladaptive outcomes.


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